Creating coordination and assignment of tasks among actors in socio-economic systems, formulating environmental rules and regulations to guide the flow of knowledge and planning for the technological empowerment of the country are series of services which are provided with the participation of governments. Not only can these services be considered as destructive interventions and assignments in technology development, but should be considered as constructive measures to facilitate technological advancement. In this regard, the preparation of national technology development documents is the response of different countries to the need to manage the technology development process.
The provision of financial documents can be considered as a prerequisite for government-targeted interventions in technology development. The grand objective of these documents is the systematic identification of strategic technology areas that bring the greatest socio-economic benefits, as well as the presentation goals, strategies, organized policies and plans for the development of these domains. On the one hand, national documents deal with the development of economic, political, social and cultural infrastructures; On the other hand, by supporting innovation, it provides the ground for increasing technological capability in a country. In sum, it can be argued that the main mission of the National Development Documents is not to predict future events, but to shape a proper future for the development of technology in the country. Therefore, government intervention in development through the determination of objectives, the formulation of targeted strategies and policies, makes it necessary to compile national documents.